25 January, 2021 Revista Digital sobre Patentes, Marcas y Propiedad Intelectual

Industrial Property Rights: One Or Two Insights

Fuente: JUAN FRANCISCO AVENDAÑO, Colaborador de B&R Latin America IP LLC, www.brlatina.com[email protected], Bogotá, Colombia

An outrageous context.

The year 2016 came along in a surprising way, in this sense, the new order of the world has brought several surprising political uprisings, belligerence whereas it was already expected and the most important private company in the world struggles for legality in most of the countries where it operates; mainly it was a year of paradigms. In accordance to the information provided by the International Monetary Fund (herein IMF) it is not the best situation for America’s economy. In such a context, the objective of this essay will be to shed some insight into how Intellectual Property rights, encouraged by governments through allowing a temporary monopoly of economical benefit, with the objective of boosting an innovational culture within States, are clearly subjected to ever-changing economic and political climates.

Which are the main liabilities?

For such, the main analysis of these issues were for the purposes of this essay: woman’s participation in the global innovation framework, third world countries -mainly Latin-American- ones, and finally the general political-economical context of some sovereign nations. Now, it is necessary to acknowledge that the world is growing towards development and innovation, Francis Gurry WIPO’s president has repetitiously pointed the relevance of Patents rights in prosperous economies, and how this framework has been evolving towards social inclusion.

Gender theory of exclusion in Patents?

Disregarding such claims, it is of our interest pointing out the fact that woman are clearly excluded from participating in this innovation trend. Official statistics delivered by WIPO’s pressroom have shown that the participation of woman in the development of Industrial Property rights is poor, considering the fact that in 1995 only 17% of the internationally filled solicitudes of Patents had the participation of at least one woman.  The numbers haven’t changed as expected by international community, due to the fact that in 2015 only 29% of the filed Patents had at least one woman as an inventor.

Latin American countries economical involution has effects on innovation?

On the other hand, it is necessary to point out that global economics and political development towards new Industrial Property rights realization have excluded Latin America, for such reasons it is necessary to take into account several points, which can explain this sidelining. According to the United Nations CEPAL, during 2016 for second year in a row American countries –as a region- have suffered economical decreasing. The expected economical growth for this region in 2017 according to the UN institution is a subdued 1.3%, which has clearly compromised the advances in legal Intellectual Property and Industrial Property optimization systems. Furthermore this growth retraction of the Caribbean and Americas concentrates mainly in some countries is it was expected the most undeveloped countries were the ones that lowered the regions achieve.

Furthermore the Global Innovation Index (GII) aims to capture the multi-dimensional facets of innovations in countries, for such reasons this index, evaluates the tailoring policies that governments apply in favor of long term output growth, improved productivity and job growth. Furthermore, this analysis done by the University of Cornell, the Insead School of Business and the World Intellectual Property Organization (GII) addressed that the Latin-American country, which is nearest to the top of the ranking is Chile, when occupying the 44th place of it. Certainly one of the main criteria’s for the coefficient is Industrial Property institutions and rights, therefore the Patents efficiency systems are severely behind from the other nations in the world.

Economical and Political context effects on Intellectual and Industrial Property.

Clearly IP rights withhold a lineal relation with economic well-being, and for such reasons countries within a more powerful economical condition can generate a more efficient-friendly environment for investors and intellectual developers of goods. The world economy is no longer being efficient and according to the IMF low growth rate of the 3.15% explains a lot of undeveloped economical areas. Disregarding this non-favorable economical context the growth of industrial implicated Intellectual Property institutions has grown in the region and the world, surprisingly the Industrial Property protection mechanisms are being more frequently used than usual. In 2015 2,9 million Patents applications were filed, which is an outstanding historical number, and represents the interest of investment of States and privates towards innovation in an industrial context.

Conclusions: are them certain or accurate?

The future of the nations must be directed to economical projection and sustainable realization of objectives, for such, the efforts of governments must be directed to enhance more efficient policies for Industrial Property rights realization. According to the Colombian Government while the investment in the United States is of 400 dollars per capita for digital based companies, in Colombia the investment average per capita does not exceed 15 dollars. Clearly there are institutional incomprehension of this issues and a non-favorable environment for innovational investment (which can be represented in elevated costs and liabilities of institutions of Industrial Property).

For such reasons, there must be a State effort that must be done to achieve innovation in undeveloped countries a more favorable context that may impact this worrying numbers, and arise development in the future. The inclusion of new economical sectors, innovative juridical systems and woman in the Patents context must be priority for the administrations and international organizations.

 1WIPO International Pressroom: http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/es/articles/2016/article_0015.html
 2Information extracted from: http://www.cepal.org/es/comunicados/america-latina-caribe-retomara-tenue-crecimiento-2017-medio-incertidumbres-la-economia
 3Information extracted from: https://www.globalinnovationindex.org/
 4Information extracted from: http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/es/articles/2016/article_0017.html
5 Information extracted from: https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/216818-ranking-paises-innovadores-america-latina

Comparte tu opinión sobre este artículo

Comentarios

Related Posts

Alemania, EU y Colombia arman primer autobús de pasajeros que se desplaza sin chofer

6 enero, 2017

6 enero, 2017

Fuente: ANTIMIO CRUZ BUSTAMANTE, Reportero de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Revista Mi Patente, [email protected], www.mipatente.com Berlín.- El primer minibús para...

MÉTRICA DE LA SOCIEDAD DEL CONOCIMIENTO: INDICADORES DE INNOVACIÓN

7 diciembre, 2016

7 diciembre, 2016

La sociedad del conocimiento “es aquella en la que la generación y explotación del conocimiento ha llegado a desempeñar el...

IMPI y ANDI firman histórico convenio para proteger a las industrias creativas

19 mayo, 2017

19 mayo, 2017

Comunicado de Prensa IMPI-017 / 2017 IMPI y ANDI firman histórico convenio para proteger a las industrias creativas Este convenio...

EL IMPACTO DE LAS RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES EN LOS PROCESOS DE TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGÍAS Y DE CONOCIMIENTO

29 agosto, 2016

29 agosto, 2016

Fuente: TATIANA MONSALVE DUARTE,  Especialista Marketing y Relaciones, Bogotá D.C – Colombia, [email protected]   En la actualidad se reconocen en mayor medida...

Desarrolla Cinvestav sistema compacto para generación de imágenes Terahertz a temperatura ambiente

20 diciembre, 2017

20 diciembre, 2017

Por Israel Pérez Valencia Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro 28 de agosto de 2017 (Agencia Informativa Conacyt).- Académicos y estudiantes del...

¿Sabes cuánto pasa un mexicano en WhatsApp?

10 junio, 2019

10 junio, 2019

El mayor número de usuarios de WhatsApp son jóvenes de entre 21 y 30 años de edad, mientras que en la zona centro del país se concentra el 42.64% del total de usuarios

Apple Inc. v. Samsung Elecs. Co. La protección del Diseño de Productos (Parte II).

11 abril, 2016

11 abril, 2016

Arturo Ishbak González Asociado Brinks, Gilson & Lione   Este es el segundo y último artículo en el cual analizo...

Convocatoria de CIINOVA.

21 noviembre, 2016

21 noviembre, 2016

Comparte tu opinión sobre este artículo Comentarios

Frequent mistakes and good practices with ip management in hospitals and Universities a spanish experience

14 octubre, 2016

14 octubre, 2016

Los investigadores de hospitales y universidades -sean entidades públicas o privadas- están acostumbrados a que el hospital / universidad asuma...

México tiene un buen sistema de protección a la propiedad intelectual: Pfizer

28 septiembre, 2016

28 septiembre, 2016

México tiene un sistema de protección a la propiedad intelectual sólido y ese es uno de los factores centrales para...

La Propiedad Intelectual, herramienta de competitividad para México

14 mayo, 2018

14 mayo, 2018

Autor: SALVADOR GONZÁLEZ-PALOMARES, “Ganador del Premio Estatal de Ciencia y Tecnología de Jalisco”. [email protected] https://www.facebook.com/ChavaGonzalezJalisco/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel La propiedad intelectual se relaciona...

Grupo SELCO y Versa Licensing impulsan marcas a través del licenciamiento

2 junio, 2019

2 junio, 2019

Grupo SELCO ha formado una alianza con Versa Licensing, quienes trabajan en la actualidad con más de 30 marcas a nivel internacional

“Largos años de batalla legal por dos segundos de sampling musical: comentarios al reciente fallo de la Corte Federal Constitucional de Alemania”

24 junio, 2016

24 junio, 2016

FUENTE: ÁLVARO ANTONIO OCAMPO GREY – Iriarte & Asociados Web: http://www.iriartelaw.com/. Twitter: @ialaw, Perú En este artículo se comenta brevemente...

¿Es el liderazgo de la OMPI un cuento de hadas o una pieza clave para el desarrollo?

4 febrero, 2020

4 febrero, 2020

English version Con poco más de un mes para que finalice la carrera a Director General de la OMPI, es...

“Cómo saber si una patente está concedida”

8 junio, 2016

8 junio, 2016

FUENTE: Javier García Villalobos, Oficina para la Protección de la Propiedad Intelectual del Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán,  Twitter: @javierzid,...